Off loom beadweaving is a group of many beadweaving techniques in which seed beads are woven together to create flat designs, tubular rope designs, 3 dimensional designs, boxes and jewelry. Using needle and thread (some 2-needle variations) to produce pieces of cloth with distinct textures, shapes, & patterns. There are many off loom beading stitches including the following: 1. Albion stitch (created by Heather Kingly-Heath. 2. Brick stitch (also known as Comanche or Cheyenne stitch). 3. Chevron stitch, a triangular form of bead netting. 4. Diamond weave (developed by G. Lenz). 5. Herringbone stitch or Ndebele stitch. 6. Hubble stitch (developed by Melanie de Miguel). 7. Netting. 8. Peyote stitch (also known as Gourd stitch). 9. Pondo stitch (also known as African Circle stitch). 10.Right Angle Weave (R.A.W.). 11. St. Petersburgh stitch. 12. Square stitch ( also known as Ladder stitch). 13. Triangle weave. 14. Spiral beadweaving which includes Cellini spiral, Dutch spiral, African Helix, Russian Spiral and Chenille.
Glass fusing is a technique used to join glass pieces together by partly melting the glass at high temperatures in the kiln. The fusion process requires multiple pieces of glass with a minimum of two. The heating is commonly done in an electric kiln. Two or more pieces of glass are laid on top of or overlapped on each other and are fired at temperatures ranging from 1100 to 1600 o F. (750 – 850 o C.). You need to use all the glass for a piece with the same coefficients of expansion otherwise it will not fuse together or will crack upon cooling. Many people restrict themselves to one brand of glass (eg. Bullseye glass, Uroborus glass, Badi glass, Spectrum glass as well as others), which is guaranteed to be compatible with other fusible glass offered by that particular make. Molds can also be used in glass fusion, which is called Slumping to create pieces like plates, candle holders or other shapes. Coefficients of Expansion is the degree of expansion divided by the change in temperature and is called the materials coefficient of thermal expansion and generally varies with temperature. I prefer Spectrum 96 COE for my glass needs.
Precious Metal Clay
Metal Clay is a crafting medium consisting of very small particles of metal such as silver, gold, bronze, or copper mixed with an organic binder and water for use in making jewelry, beads and small sculptures. Originating in Japan in 1990, metal clay can be shaped just like any soft clay by hand or using molds. After drying the clay can be fired in a variety of ways, such as in a kiln, with a handheld gas torch, or on a gas stove, depending on the type of clay and the metal in it. The binder burns away, leaving the pure sintered metal. Shrinkage of between 8% and 30% occurs (depending on product used). Alloys such as Bronze, Sterling silver and Steel are available. Types of Metal Clay are the following: 1. Precious Metal Clay (PMC), Art Clay Silver (ACS), Base Metal Clay, Metal Clay Powders and 960 Silver Alloy.